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Adolf Hitler was de dictator van Duitsland van 1933 tot 1945. In deze periode heeft hij zich schuldig gemaakt aan Volkerenmoord en andere misdaden in naam van het Duitse Volk. Het meest beangstigde van zijn opkomst was, dat hij...
BW is de afkorting van BIOLOGICAL WARFARE. De Nederlandse vertalings is Biologische Oorlogsvoering. 1932-1942: THE ORIGINS OF BIOLOGICAL WARFARE (BW) / UNIT 731 1942-1945: BW DEVELOPMENT IN THE WEST 1928-1945: BW DEVELOPMENT IN THE USSR
1928-1945: BW DEVELOPMENT IN THE USSR The Soviet BW program during World War II remains somewhat mysterious, and considering the fact that many records were destroyed later, will probably always remain so. Ken Alibek (originally Kanatjan Alibekov), a senior official of...
1942-1945: BW DEVELOPMENT IN THE WEST By mid-1942, word of Japanese BW development was leaking out to the Allies, and in July 1942 Winston Churchill placed the issue on the top level of priority for discussion by Allied leadership. It...
32-1942: THE ORIGINS OF BIOLOGICAL WARFARE / UNIT 731 The use of disease as a weapon is nothing new. Centuries ago, armies would occasionally catapult the bodies of people who had died of plagues into cities under siege in hopes...

CW IMPASSE

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1940-1945: CW IMPASSE As the war turned against Nazi Germany and Allied bombers pounded German cities to rubble, the incentive to use CW increased. By 1944, the Nazis had enough tabun to kill everyone in London, as well as large...
1934-1940: NERVE GAS / REVIVAL OF GAS WARFARE Gas warfare continued to evolve without Haber. Another German chemist, Gerhard Schrader?, was honestly working on insecticides when he developed a highly lethal organo-phosphate compound in December 1936, which he named "tabun"....
1918-1934: CW IN THE AFTERMATH Fritz Haber was devastated by his country's defeat. He feared that he would be tried as a war criminal, and left Germany for Switzerland wearing a fake beard. Haber needn't have worried. In 1919 he...

MUSTARD GAS

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1916-1918: THE LIVENS PROJECTOR / MUSTARD GAS • The combatants continued to improve the technology for CW. In early 1916, both the French and the Germans began firing gas shells out of conventional artillery, and the British began to use...

PHOSGENE

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The Allies were unsurprisingly outraged at the German use of poison gas. The British Army assigned Major Charles Howard Foulkes of the Royal Engineers to implement a response. Foulkes was energetic and capable, and he quickly implemented schemes for...

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De HMS Exeter, zware kruiser van de York-klasse

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De HMS Exeter, een zware kruiser van de Royal Navy, speelde een cruciale rol tijdens de Tweede Wereldoorlog, met name in de Slag bij...